Volvo 4x4history

Volvo 4x4 history
Volvo TP21/915 ”Sugga” was built 1953-58, in 720 units. Some of them were apparently in use well into the 1970s.
In the autumn of 1950 the model returned with a new front, similar to the front of the PV444 and the small lorry L340. The cars were renamed PV831 and PV832, respectively. In 1953 independent front suspension became optional. That same year, a civilian executive version, Disponent, saw the light of day.
By the end of the 1950s the Sow was quite outdated. Volvo planned for a successor, project P358, which was to be a large car powered by a V8, but that car never materialized, so when production of the PV800 Series ended in 1958 Volvo left the taxi market unattended. The recently introduced P120 Amazon was too small to serve as a taxicab and there were almost ten years before Volvo presented a new car, suitable for taxi use, the 144.
In 1953 Volvo introduced a successor to the TPV for the armed forces, the four-wheel drive Raptgb 915 (military name), TP21/P2104 (Volvo military designation), P2104 (Volvo civilian designation). It was powered by the well proven 90 hp (67 kW), 3.67 litre inline 6 mated to a Volvo E9 gearbox.
Крепкая рама, мощные мосты-балки, рессорная подвеска, принудительное подключение переднего моста, наличие понижающей передачи и блокировок межколесных дифференциалов
S60 выполнена в новом дизайне Volvo, отличающимся от того, что имели автомобили этой марки в 80-х и начале 90-х. Дизайн S60 так же, как и S80, разработал Peter Horbury, пришедший в Volvo в 1992 году. Автомобиль построен на платформе P2
Впервые Volvo S60 R с полным приводом Haldex AWD представлена в 2003 году. Автомобили 2004—2005 годов комплектовались 6-ступенчатой механической или 5-ступенчатой автоматической трансмиссией. На машинах с автоматической трансмиссией было ограничено использование крутящего момента. С 2006 года стали устанавливать 6-ступенчатый автомат. The Volvo S80 is a mid-size executive saloon/sedan from Swedish automaker Volvo Cars, and was introduced in 1998 as a replacement for the rear-wheel drive Volvo 960/S90 saloons. The Volvo S80 was built at the Torslanda Plant (Torslandaverken) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Unlike most Volvo models, it did not have a estate / station wagon version for its first generation. Now, the third generation V70 wagon is marketed as the estate version for the second generation S80 saloon. This is a part of a major product overhaul at Volvo, including a most luxurious large estate and saloon.
The Volvo V70 is a mid-size five-door estate car / station wagon manufactured by Volvo Cars since 1996. It is closely related to the S70, S60 and S80 saloons, as well as the four-wheel drive Cross Country (XC) and XC70.
Layout - Front-engine, front-wheel drive/All wheel drive The Volvo XC90 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV produced by Volvo Cars since it was unveiled at the Detroit Motor Show 2002. It is based on the P2 platform, shared with the first generation Volvo S80 and other large Volvo cars. As Volvo's top-selling vehicle in the United States, the XC90 is also Volvo's best selling model worldwide with 85,994 cars sold in 2005.
While the 2.5T came standard with front wheel drive, a Haldex Traction all wheel drive system was optional. The T6 was offered only with the AWD system.

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